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Development of a Regional Renewable Energy Policy

Development of a Regional Renewable Energy Policy




1 October, 2011 to 1 May, 2012




West Africa


This type of activity was part of the RECP start-up phase and is now offered under the Service Line SEADS.

Due to the growing energy deficit in the ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) region, many member states such as Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Senegal, Niger, Nigeria and Sierra Leone are striving to mainstream renewable energy into their national energy policies. While these efforts are laudable and appropriate, there are still substantial gaps in terms of workable tools and measures to implement these policies. For example, there are no standard instruments such as feed-in tariffs to sell electricity on the grid or power purchase agreements (PPA) adapted to renewable energy power generating plants. Promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency has been acknowledged as an important area of cooperation and regional integration by ECOWAS.

Following a request from the ECOWAS Secretariat for technical assistance, EUEI PDF contributed to intensive consultation within the ECOWAS region, with the aim of elaborating a Regional Renewable Energy Policy and related guiding strategy. In addition, EUEI PDF provided an extensive background document to ECREEE, with valuable material for the future.

After assessing the national and regional renewable energy situation, market trends and potentials as well as the coherence and gaps in existing renewable energy policies in the ECOWAS region, summarised in a basline report, the ECREEE and the project team developed the ECOWAS Regional Renewable Energy Policy, which sets indicative targets at regional level that are to be harmonised with national targets. It also proposes a portfolio of policy measures, laws, regulations and incentives to be implemented at national and – when applicable – regional levels in ECOWAS. 

With ambitious targets set for the renewable energy sector for the entire region, the policy document was validated during a workshop in Dakar in June 2012 by senior officials from all ECOWAS member states. The Regional Renewable Energy Policyand guiding strategy were subsequently adopted by the ECOWAS Council of Ministers at a meeting in June 2013 and then adopted by ECOWAS Heads of State in July 2013, with the document being signed by each Head of State present. This achievement demonstrates high level political support for this policy, which is being followed up by ECREEE with the development of national action plans.


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