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Biomass Energy Strategy (BEST) Ethiopia

Biomass Energy Strategy (BEST) Ethiopia




1 July, 2012 to 1 February, 2014




East Africa


Ethiopia’s energy sector is highly dependent on biomass (firewood, charcoal, crop residues and animal dung). It is estimated that biomass energy accounted for 89% of the total national energy consumption in 2010. Governance and efficient use of the country’s biomass energy resources has been hampered by factors such as poor institutional framework, inadequate planning and lack of co-ordination. 

EUEI PDF supported the Ethiopian Ministry of Energy, Irrigation and Water to properly manage the country’s biomass energy resources on national and regional level. The specific objectives were to:

  • provide a clear baseline situation of the biomass energy sector in Ethiopia;
  • analyse institutional challenges in the biomass energy sector and major trends and their implications and
  • build consensus and promote wider awareness among the stakeholders on the role of biomass energy in the country.

The project began with assessment of the national policy framework and a consultation process with key stakeholders. During the second phase, a baseline assessment and sector analysis were conducted and scenarios were developed. Finally, a strategy and action plan were prepared.

The immediate result of this project has been to stimulate and encourage discussion and coordination among the involved ministries on national and regional level about the vision for and the management of the biomass sector. The Biomass Energy Strategy and Action Plan was finalised in December 2013.

Some examples of the recommended activities are: establishing an inter-ministerial Task Force for policy, legal and regulatory review; pilot production and test marketing of new biomass product devices such as stoves, kilns and briquette presses; and conducting Consumer Needs Assessment in emerging regions. The Ministry of Water and Energy is the leading agency in Ethiopia for coordinating and engaging stakeholders to implement the BEST Action Plan.




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