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Development of a National Energy Efficiency Policy and Plan

Development of a National Energy Efficiency Policy and Plan




1 December, 2012 to 31 December, 2013




Central Africa


Cameroon is a growing economy with rapidly increasing electricity demand, particularly in the industrial sector. The utility is currently grappling with a power deficit, and energy efficiency measures are becoming critical for meeting Cameroon’s electricity demand in short to medium term. In particular the industrial sector, requiring the largest share of reliable electricity supply, has to be incentivized to improve its efficiency. 

Cameroon's Ministry of Water Resources and Energy (MINEE) through the Agence de Régulation du Secteur de l’Electricité (ARSEL) requested the EUEI PDF to support the formulation of a National Policy, Strategy and Action Plan for the development of Energy Efficiency Policy in the country. 


The strategy and policy developed aimed to define the goals and means of exploiting Cameroon’s large energy efficiency potential under the best possible economic and technical conditions. The strategy included a review of the institutional, legal, regulatory, tax and financial aspects related to energy efficiency, along with an analysis of existing energy efficiency programmes and institutional responsibilities. Assessments were conducted to estimate the potential energy savings in the three main consumption sectors: industry, public buildings and households.

On this basis, possible energy efficiency scenarios were established for each of the three sectors. The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) developed in the framework of this intervention together with the Government of Cameroon analysed potential energy savings and outlined specific measures to be taken and incentives to apply in order to achieve benefits for energy consumers in the different sectors.

As an immediate outcome of this project, the Government of Cameroon has followed up with a demand response study. The aim of the demand response study was to evaluate precisely the power saving potential for all sectors and the implications for national ancillary services. In addition, the African Development Bank is assessing aspects of the NEEAP that can be supported.

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