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Regional Strategy on Energy Efficiency

Regional Strategy on Energy Efficiency




23 January, 2012 to 30 June, 2012


Southern Africa


The Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) was created in 1995 to facilitate cross-border electricity trade among its 11 member countries with the objective of ensuring reliable and affordable electricity supply for the consumers of each of the SAPP Members. In recent years, the SAPP has been experiencing a power deficit situation due to increased consumption growth in the SADC region of about 3-4% per annum as a result of enhanced economic activities and electrification projects. This is attributable in part to increasing demand, as SAPP member countries develop economically and electrification projects are implemented to facilitate this development.

Implementing energy efficiency measures to address the increases in demand can be more cost-effective than capacity expansion projects and they can be implemented in a shorter timescale. SAPP recognised this and requested a review of potential energy efficiency measures in the region as a means of addressing challenges in the power sector in the short term. 

A four-country visit (Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia andZimbabwe) was conducted to obtain information on current and planned energy efficiency projects in SAPP member countries. The following energy efficiency and load shifting measures were indicated to have the most important potential impact:

  • technical and non-technical loss reduction programs in the distribution system
  • energy efficient lighting regulation
  • energy saving obligations for suppliers
  • cost reflective tariff structures to incentivise efficient use
  • smart metering
  • national energy efficiency programs with quantitative targets
  • capacity building


A Needs Assessment survey was conducted on SAPP member utilities, including those utilities not yet interconnected to SAPP. The response rate was 77%. The amount of energy traded on the SAPP Day Ahead Market currently represents a low portion of the energy sent out by utilities. However, almost all utilities stated that they foresee their use of SAPP markets increasing in the future. Respondents noted the benefits of other services provided by SAPP, such as training and capacity building.

SAPP has used the project output to develop an energy efficiency framework, which has been adopted at regional level. An external evaluation of the activity revealed that recommended measures are partly being followed by the member utilities



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