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COP23: Future Energy Scenarios for African Cities

COP23: Future Energy Scenarios for African Cities

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State 

completed

Date 

9 November, 2017

Summary

COP23 side-event, 9 Nov. 2017, 12.00-1:30 pm, Cities and Regions Pavilion, Bonn Zone

The EUEI PDF has published a study on Future Energy Scenarios for sub-Saharan African Cities, analysing the megatrends to shape the future of African cities. The study presents scenarios and policy choices to embark into a more sustainable path of growth. Carried out in consultation with all major city networks as well representatives from various African municipalities, the analysis confirms that some of the main challenges in the transition to a sustainable energy supply for urban settlements include the lack of mandate and capacity of municipalities to enable action locally.

These challenges grow more pressing if taken into account that the urban population of the African continent is projected to rise from 400 million to 1.34 billion in the next thirty years. In sub-Saharan African cities, the sustained increase of urbanisation has not always been accompanied by improvements in infrastructure and services, something that hampers development and affects the daily lives of millions of inhabitants. The situation becomes more critical if it is considered that cities contribute with 75% of global emissions and consume 80% of the total energy output.

With these issues in mind, the EUEI PDF and ICLEI Africa organised a COP23 side-event titled “Future Energy Scenarios for African Cities”. The objective was to present three best practice models for unlocking action in municipalities of sub-Saharan Africa. The following models were already witnessed by the study in several cities of the region and depend on the legislative mandate for energy and climate. They also depend on the empowerment and skills of local stakeholders in different cities, yet remain very powerful in driving change:

  • Self-governing action led by a private sector company.
  • Governing by authority or provision in public municipalities. 
  • Governing by enabling through civil society led awareness campaigns and partnerships.

After a keynote speech by Dr. Vincent Kitio and the presentation of the models, a panel discussion took place with representatives from the public sector, civil society, international cooperation and the private sector; followed by a Q&A that explored how the different stakeholders have managed to overcome obstacles and change their municipality.

 

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